Skip to Main Content
Skip navigation


AGLC Referencing Style

A guide to applying AGLC

Articles - Footnotes

AGLC Rule 5 (AGLC4)

There are two citation styles for journal articles – footnotes and bibliography.


Include the following information:

Author(s) (Rule 4.1) -  first name(s) followed by family name(s) if known, then comma. If first name(s) not known, use initials. If there are more than three authors, identify only the first one and then use “et al”.

Honorific titles or titles indicating qualifications should not be included in citations except for Sir, Dame or peerage titles (Lord, Earl, Viscount etc). Postnominals (eg AM, AO, LLB etc) should not be used in a citation. 

Judges (Rule 4.1.5) - when citing a judge's extra-curial writing (that is, not in a judgment) the judge's title (Justice, Judge, Chief Justice etc) should be included before the judge's name, unless the judge has a title (such as 'Sir' or 'Dame') that makes a judicial title unnecessary. Do not include a judicial title when citing work written by a judge after he or she has ceased to be a judicial officer, but any titles such as 'Sir' or 'Dame' should be included.

Title of the article single quotation marks around the title (Rule 5.2). All words in a title should be capitalised except for articles, conjunctions and prepositions (Rule 1.7). A colon should separate the title from any subtitles, regardless of the form on the title page of the source (Rule 4.2).

Year of publication - in round brackets where there is a volume number, and in square brackets where there is only a year.

Volume and issue number of journal -  Both the volume and issue number should be included. Where the issue identifier is a season or month this should appear, preceded by a space and enclosed in parentheses.

Title of the journal  - in full and italicised. Unlike the abbreviations used in case citations journal titles are cited in full.

Starting page number of article - no punctuation separates the starting page from the title.

Pinpoint references (Rule 5.7) - A pinpoint reference is preceded by a comma and a space. The full journal citation is used, followed by specific page references. When the first page of an article is cited repeat the page number.


DJ Cusine, ‘Expenses Under a Standard Security’ [1994] (1) Juridical Review 18.

Sir Anthony Mason, 'A Bill of Rights for Australia?' (1989) 5(1) Australian Bar Review 79, 81.

Justice Michael Kirby, ‘Judicial Activism?: A Riposte to the Counter-Reformation’ (2004) 24(3)  Australian Bar Review 219.

Adam Webster and John Williams, ‘Section 100 and State Water Rights’ (2010) 21(4) Public Law Review 267.

Michaela Ryan, ‘According to Merit?: Lives that Should Never Have Been?’ (2002) 76(7) Law Institute Journal 44.

Many journals now appear in print and online versions. If an article is obtained from an online journal or an online source such as Lexis Advance, do not include the web address in the citation, simply cite the journal using the print conventions.


Responsible Officer: University Librarian/Page Contact: Library Systems & Web Coordinator