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Referencing style for Criminology

Referencing styles may vary between different disciplines. For Criminology, the American Psychological Association (APA) style Sixth edition is used. 

Key points of APA are:

  • All references are cited in the body of your text.

  • The references are brief (surname, year of publication, page number)

  • Full citations are listed in alphabetical order at the end of the paper.

You can view an online guide to APA Style Sixth Edition, including tutorials, sample papers and frequently asked questions, or find a print copy of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2010) in the Library.

Referencing help

Referencing is an integral part of academic writing. The purpose is to show where the information you use comes from.

Some simple tips for referencing accurately are:

  • Acknowledge direct quotations, facts, and figures, as well as the ideas and theories that you use.
  • Check with your lecturer for the preferred referencing style used by your school.
  • Whichever referencing or citation style you prefer, be consistent throughout your assignment.

Commonly used referencing styles include Harvard and APA. 

The ANU does not adhere to a single standard referencing style, so you should check with your lecturers to ensure that you submit your work using the correct style. For help with referencing and academic writing, email the Academic Skills team.

The University has policies and procedures on academic integrity and how to avoid plagiarism - for which there can be serious consequences.

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