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Modern European Languages

Academic writing resources

Referencing is an integral part of academic writing and involves giving recognition to the source of anyone else's ideas that you have used or quoted in your essay or assignment. Some simple tips for referencing accurately are: 

  • acknowledge direct quotations, facts, and figures, as well as the ideas and theories that you use
  • check with your lecturer for the preferred referencing style used by your school
  • whichever referencing or citation style you prefer, be consistent throughout your assignment.

Commonly used referencing styles include Harvard and APA. 

The ANU does not adhere to a single standard referencing style, so you should check with your lecturers to ensure that you submit your work using the correct style. For help with referencing and academic writing email the Academic Skills and Learning Centre.

The ANU has policies and procedures on academic honesty and how to avoid plagiarism - for which there can be serious consequences.

The ANU Library has a helpful video on knowing when to reference in academic writing


EndNote is a software program that allows you to save and manipulate your references. EndNote works with Microsoft Word to allow you to insert your references and citations into essays and assignments. EndNote automates much of the work of formatting references and helps ensure consistency in your referencing.

You can download the latest version of EndNote for Windows PC or Apple Mac from the Library catalogue, or you can access a comprehensive online guide to using the EndNote program.

Classes on how to best use EndNote are held regularly during semester time. Details and registration information can be found on the ANU Training website.

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