Domain names (url address) are one of the quickest and most effective ways of identifying a web page. Learning to read domain names will enable you to quickly identity a web page’s country of origin (e.g. .au, .uk, .jp), and the entity (e.g. .edu, .gov, .org.) that has produced the page.
When you run a search using a search engine, often the full web address will be displayed along with the results. Before opening the web page, you can often check the web address and get an idea of the type of organisation or group who has published the site. This allows you to begin evaluating the quality of the information before you even open it.
What does it mean?
An educational institution, e.g.: a university, colleges, high schools and primary schools.
yale.edu – Yale University, USA
harvard.edu – Harvard University, USA
uni-stuttgart.de – University of Stuttgart, Germany (Germany doesn’t use the edu domain)
Australian educational institution
anu.edu.au – ANU
cit.act.edu.au – Canberra Institute of Technology
unsw.edu.au – University of New South Wales in Sydney
kurnaicollege.vic.edu.au – Kurnai College (high school), Victoria
The .ac refers to “academic” and is used by United Kingdom, Indian and Japanese universities
ox.ac.uk – University of Oxford, England
ed.ac.uk – University of Edinburgh, Scotland
du.ac.in – University of Delhi
u-tokyo.ac.jp – University of Tokyo
gov (or go)
defence.gov.au – Department of Defence, Australia
dfat.gov.au – Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia
deplu.go.id – Department of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Indonesia
An organisation, usually non-profit and community groups
alia.org.au – Australian Library and Information Association
satsonline.org – South African Theological Seminary
kooyongltc.asn.au – Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club Incorporated
apesma.asn.au – Association of Professional Engineers, Scientists and Managers, Australia