There are many schemas that have been developed for certain types of data, and if your data matches a developed schema, the use of that schema will result in the best metadata for your data. However, many of these schemas are very complex and require a level of expertise to implement that preclude their use by many. Metadata schemas that are in use at the ANU are listed in the box to the right. Other metadata schemas include:
Geospatial metadata (ISO 19115) defines how to describe geographical information and associated services, including contents, spatial-temporal purchases, data quality, access and rights to use. The standard defines more than 400 meta data elements, 20 core elements. An examples of an implementation of ISO19115 is Global Change Master Directory
Below is an example of Dublin Core metadata for this photograph of Howard Walter Florey.
Title=Howard Walter Florey
Subject and Keywords=The Australian National University photographs
Subject and Keywords=Nobel Laureates
Description=This photograph was taken at the 1948 Easter Conference, which considered the early planning of the Australian National University, at the Institute of Anatomy building. A keen amateur photographer, Florey carries his camera over his shoulder.
Publisher=The Australian National University Digital Collections
Rights=This image is provided for research purposes only and must not be reproduced without the prior permission of the Archives Program, Australian National University
RIF-CS (Registry Interchange Format for Collections and Services) is used by RDA (Research Data Australia). Metadata from the ANU Data Commons is converted into RIF-CS and added to RDA.